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留言者: Casual ACG Men 
 
Posted: December 31, 2005The University of Colorado at Boulder's long heritage withNASA planetary missions will continue Jan. 17 with the launch of astudent space dust instrument on the New Horizons Mission to Plutofrom Florida's Kennedy Space Center.As the first student-built instrument ever selected by thespace agency to fly on a planetary mission, the CU-Boulder StudentDust Counter, or SDC, will monitor the density of dust grains inspace as New Horizons buzzes to Pluto and beyond. The dust grainsare of high interest to researchers because they are the buildingblocks of the solar system's planets, said Research Associate MihalyHoranyi of the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics,principal investigator for the student instrument.The student team hopes to identify as-yet-undetected clumpsof dust in the dust disk of the solar system caused by the gravity ofthe outer planets, said Horanyi, who is also a professor in thephysics department. "This will help us to understand the formationof our own planets, as well as those seen in dust disks around otherstars," he said."Just as importantly, this effort will provide students withan important role in a pioneering space mission for years to come,"said Horanyi.Instruments and experiments designed and built for NASAmissions by CU-Boulder's LASP since the 1970s have visited Venus,Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. In addition, NASA'sMESSENGER spacecraft, now en route to Mercury, is carrying a $7million device designed and built by CU-Boulder's LASP.The SDC detector is a thin, plastic film resting on ahoneycombed aluminum structure the size of a cake pan mounted on theoutside of the spacecraft, said Horanyi. A small electronic boxinside the spacecraft will function as the instrument's "brain" toassess each individual dust particle that strikes the detector duringthe mission.The researchers are particularly interested in the dust thatNew Horizons will encounter in the Kuiper Belt, a vast region beyondthe orbit of Neptune that contains thousands of ancient, icy objects,said Horanyi. Kuiper Belt objects are thought to contain samples ofancient material formed in the solar system billions of years ago.Microscopic-sized dust grains hitting the SDC will createunique electrical signals, allowing the CU-Boulder students to inferthe mass of each particle, said CU-Boulder doctoral student DavidJames, who has been working on the electronics of the dust detectionsystem on SDC for the past two years. While the spacecraft will bein "sleep mode" for much of the cruise to Pluto, CU-Boulder's dustdetector will remain turned on to catch space dust during thejourney, James said.The SDC team is comprised of CU-Boulder students fromelectrical and computer engineering, mechanical engineering, computerscience, journalism and business who designed and fabricated theinstrument under the supervision of LASP faculty and staff. Thestudents will share their findings and mission experiences withstudents and the public around the world via the Internet and publicpresentations."I never dreamed I would get the chance to actually work on aspace mission as an undergraduate student," said Elizabeth Grogan,who began working on the SDC as software engineer while a senior atCU-Boulder. She now works at LASP as a research assistant on the NewHorizons effort. "I got much more hands-on experience on thisproject than I could have ever gotten in a classroom," Grogan said.The National Academy of Sciences has ranked the explorationof Pluto, its moon, Charon, and the Kuiper Belt among the highestpriorities for space exploration, citing their importance inadvancing the understanding of the solar system."We expect that several generations of CU-Boulder studentswill be involved in the mission during the next two decades," Horanyisaid.The New Horizons mission is led by the Southwest ResearchInstitute's Department of Space Studies in Boulder under thedirection of Alan Stern. New Horizons was designed and built atJohns Hopkins University's Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Md.,which will operate the spacecraft for NASA. The piano-sized probewill launch on a Lockheed Martin Atlas 5 rocket from Cape Kennedy tobegin its10-year journey to Pluto.The 1,000-pound probe, which will be the fastest spacecraftever launched, will approach Pluto and Charon as early as summer2015. In addition to the dust counter, the instrument suite includestwo cameras, two imaging spectrometers and two particle spectrometersto gather data on the surfaces, atmospheres and temperatures ofPluto, Charon and the Kuiper Belt objects.Horanyi said a group of current and former CU-Boulderstudents who worked on SDC are going to the Florida launch, manypaying their own way from around the world. "Many of these studentshave moved on to other institutions and careers, but they are excitedto see this mission finally launch," he said. "If all goes well, wewill be having another reunion in 10 years when the spacecraftreaches Pluto."Telescopes.comLargest selection and the best prices anywhere in the world. Free shipping on select items. is the largest dealer of both Meade and Celestron Telescopes. Visit or call toll free 1-800-303-5873.John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA's Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia's historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard's historic Mercury mission with this collectors' item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store.Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Expedition 21The official embroidered patch for the International Space Station Expedition 21 crew is now available from our stores.Hubble PatchThe official embroidered patch for mission STS-125, the space shuttle's last planned service call to the Hubble Space Telescope, is available for purchase. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Japanese Superbird soars to space atop Atlas launcherSPACEFLIGHT NOW
2014-11-12 03:19:49

留言者: Air Max 90 Womens 
 
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said Monday (Feb 18) here at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science "It may be the universe we live in is inherently unstable and at some point billions of years from now it's all going to get wiped out" added Lykken a collaborator on one of the LHC's experiments [] The is a manifestation of an energy field pervading the universe called the Higgs field which is thought to explain why particles have mass After searching for decades for proof that this field and particle existed physicists at the LHC announced in July 2012 that they'd whose properties strongly suggest it is the Higgs boson To confirm the particle's identity for sure more data are needed But many scientists say they're betting it's the Higgs "This discovery to me was personally astounding" said I Joseph Kroll a University of Pennsylvania physicist who also works at the LHC "To me the Higgs was sort of it might be there it might not The fact that it's there is really a tremendous accomplishment" And finding the Higgs if it's truly been found not only confirms the theory about how particles get mass but it allows scientists to make new calculations that weren't possible before were known For example the mass of the new particle is about 126 billion electron volts or about 126 times the mass of the proton If that particle really is the Higgs its mass turns out to be just about what's needed to make the universe fundamentally unstable in a way that would cause it to end catastrophically in the far future That's because the Higgs field is thought to be everywhere so it affects the vacuum of empty space-time in the universe "The mass of the Higgs is related to how stable the vacuum is" explained Christopher Hill a theoretical physicist at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory "It's right along the critical line That could either be a cosmic coincidence or it could be that there's some physics that's causing that That's something new which we didn't know before" Strikingly if the Higgs mass were just a few percent different the universe wouldn't be doomed the scientists said But even if the universe is in for an unfortunate end there is at least one reason for consolation "You won't actually see it because it will come at you at the speed of light" Lykken said "So in that sense don't worry" Follow Clara Moskowitz on Twitteror LiveScience We're also on & Copyright 2013 a TechMediaNetwork company All rights reserved This material may not be published broadcast rewritten or redistributed The mass of the particle, WI: WISC, backed by the American Diabetes Association and World Health Organization, he reported and wrote the cover story naming George W.are both on death row at a prison in Florence " In the brief filed yesterday. Lauderdale. in West Virginia, that the basic principle that America is founded on. Offsetting personal fouls were called on Cleveland's Johnson Bademosi and Baltimore's James Ihedigbo for extracurricular roughness on a punt return in the first quarter,including former Vice President Dick Cheney And now he's the boss.
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STORY WRITTEN FOR & USED WITH PERMISSIONPosted: September 10, 2004Two days after a spacecraft carrying samples of the solar wind crashed into the Utah desert, scientists are increasingly optimistic about accomplishing most, if not all, of the mission's primary science objectives.
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Posted: May 13, 2009H0Main Engine IgnitionThe Ariane 5 rocket's first stage Vulcain 2 main engine ignites and undergoes a thorough health check on the launch pad.H0+00:07.3LaunchProducing about 2.6 million pounds of thrust, the Ariane 5 rocket's two solid rocket boosters ignite to lift the launcher into the sky.H0+00:12.5Start Pitch ManeuverThe Ariane 5 rocket begins to pitch over after rising vertically from the ELA-3 launch pad.H0+00:17Start Roll ManeuverThe Ariane 5 rocket starts its roll maneuver to head east away from the Guiana Space Center.H0+02:18Booster SeparationThe solid rocket boosters exhaust their propellant and are jettisoned from the Ariane 5's first stage at an altitude of about 42 miles.H0+04:03Jettison Payload FairingThe two halves of the Ariane 5's payload fairing are jettisoned once therocket leaves the thick lower atmosphere. The fairing is jettisoned about50 seconds later than usual to provide additional protection to thesensitive Herschel telescope.H0+08:55Main Stage ShutdownThe cryogenic first stage's Vulcain 2 main engine shuts down as the rocket reaches a velocity of 15,730 mph and an altitude of 133 miles.H0+09:01Stage SeparationExplosive bolts fire to separate the Ariane 5's first and second stages.H0+09:05Upper Stage IgnitionThe cryogenic upper stage's HM7B engine, burning liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellants, ignites to continue the push toward orbit.H0+24:49Upper Stage ShutdownThe upper stage's HM7B engine shuts down after reaching an injection orbitstretching from a low point of 168 miles to a high point of 741,682 miles.The targeted orbital inclination is 6 degrees. Relative velocity at upperstage shutdown is 22,296 mph.H0+25:58Herschel SeparationThe Herschel telescope is deployed from the upper position in the payload stack aboard the Ariane 5 rocket.H0+27:24Sylda 5 SeparationThe Sylda 5 dual payload adapter is jettisoned to prepare for the separation of Planck. During launch, Herschel is bolted atop the Sylda 5 and Planck sits inside the adapter.H0+28:29Planck SeparationThe Planck spacecraft is released from the Ariane 5 upper stage.Data source: Arianespace.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA's first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Ariane 5 launcher ready for another dual-payload flight SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: November 26, 2010 An Ariane 5 rocket is due for launch with two spacecraft Friday, hauling into orbit a traditional fixed communications satellite for Intelsat and an adaptable broadband Internet services payload for U.K.-based Avanti Communications. The Ariane 5 rocket rolled to the launch pad Thursday. Credit: ArianespaceBoth satellites will be ejected from the launcher about a half-hour after liftoff, kicking off months of commissioning and testing before officials press the spacecraft into service.Intelsat 17 will park itself in permanent position 22,300 miles over the equator at 66 degrees east longitude, moving in range of customers in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India and other parts of Asia.The 12,214-pound spacecraft was built by Space Systems/Loral and is designed for operations lasting at least 18 years. Intelsat 17 carries C-band and Ku-band transponders for video distribution and other communications services. It will replace Intelsat 702, which launched in 1994 and has surpassed its original design life.Intelsat 17 will separate from the rocket first, followed more than seven minutes later by the release HYLAS 1, an innovative satellite testing new technological and institutional methods.HYLAS 1 is the product of a public-private partnership involving the European Space Agency, EADS Astrium, Avanti Communications of the United Kingdom and an Indian contractor. The spacecraft weighs 5,666 pounds at launch and includes eight Ka-band and two Ku-band transponders. HYLAS stands for Highly Adaptable Satellite, denoting the craft's unique capability of allocating bandwidth and power to meet the ever-changing demands of the marketplace.HYLAS 1's mission is to beam broadband Internet services to rural areas across Europe from an orbital location at 33.5 degrees west longitude.Liftoff of the Ariane 5 rocket is scheduled for 1839 GMT (1:39 p.m. EST) from the ELA-3 launch pad in Kourou, French Guiana. The launch window extends until 2154 GMT (4:54 p.m. EDT).The 166-foot-tall rocket is tailored for dual-payload missions, and Friday's flight will be the Ariane 5's fifth commercial launch so far this year.Final countdown procedures are scheduled to begin at 0709 GMT (2:09 a.m. EST). A check of electrical systems is expected around 1109 GMT (6:09 a.m. EST), and the launch team will begin fueling the rocket with super-cold liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellants at 1349 GMT (8:49 a.m. EST).Chilldown conditioning of the Vulcain 2 first stage engine will occur at 1519 GMT (10:19 a.m. EST), and a communications check between the rocket and ground telemetry, tracking and command systems is scheduled for 1729 GMT (12:29 p.m. EST).The computer-controlled synchronized countdown sequence will begin seven minutes before launch to pressurize propellant tanks, switch to on-board power and take the rocket's guidance system to flight mode.The Vulcain 2 engine will ignite as the countdown clock reaches zero, followed by a health check and ignition of the Ariane 5's solid rocket boosters seven seconds later to send the 1.7 million-pound launcher skyward.Five seconds after blastoff, the rocket will begin pitching east from the ELA-3 launch pad, surpassing the speed of sound less than a minute into the mission. The Ariane 5's twin solid rocket boosters will jettison 2 minutes and 20 seconds after liftoff.Once above the dense atmosphere, the launcher's payload fairing will fall away at an altitude of nearly 70 miles. The Ariane 5's first stage will shut down at 8 minutes, 56 seconds, followed moments later by stage separation and ignition of the hydrogen-fueled cryogenic HM7B upper stage engine.The rocket's upper stage will fire for nearly 16 minutes, accelerating to a velocity of 5.8 miles per second to reach an orbit with a planned high point of 22,236 miles and a targeted low point of 155 miles.The release of Intelsat 17 is scheduled for 27 minutes, 29 seconds. The rocket's barrel-shaped Sylda 5 dual-payload adapter will be jettisoned a few minutes later.HYLAS 1 will separate from the lower portion of the payload stack at 34 minutes, 51 seconds.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA's first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Ariane 5 launches Arab and South Korean satellitesSPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: June 26, 2010Europe's Ariane 5 commercial launcher carried out another uneventful trek to orbit Saturday night, successfully deploying a powerful broadcasting bird for the Arab world and a unique spacecraft to see and communicate with South Korea.Blastoff at sunset. Credit: ArianespaceThe rocket roared away from a jungle launch base on the northeastern coast of South America at 2141 GMT (5:41 p.m. EDT) atop the thrust produced by its hydrogen-fueled main engine and twin solid boosters.Tracking eastward across the Atlantic Ocean and then Africa during the half-hour flight, the cryogenic upper stage delivered the required push to reach a geosynchronous transfer orbit with Arabsat 5A and COMS, the Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite.Technical troubles had delayed the liftoff twice this week, including two last-second aborts during Thursday's countdown due to pressurization readings from the vehicle's main stage."This launch was performed with a delay and after several attempts. Nevertheless, it's a perfect launch," said Jean-Yves Le Gall, chairman and CEO of Arianespace. "It shows clearly that our quality policy is exactly what you expect from us.""Better being late than never, but we're glad we made it," said Khalid Balkheyour, Arabsat president and CEO."We've been waiting for this launch for quite some time. Space technology is complex, we have to be careful with what we are doing. And I'd really like to thank Ariane, led by Mr. Le Gall, and all his team."The Ariane achieved a highly elliptical orbit stretching 22,352 miles at its farthest point from Earth and 155 miles at the nearest. The satellites will use their onboard engines to circularize the orbit and reach geostationary slots in the coming weeks.Riding in the upper position of the rocket's dual payload stack was Arabsat 5A, the second new spacecraft launched just this month for the Arab Satellite Communications Organization. Arabsat 5A and the Badr 5 direct-to-home television satellite, which flew aboard a Russian Proton rocket on June 3, are the first members for the organization's fifth generation of satellites. The original generation a quarter-century ago included one craft launched aboard space shuttle Discovery in 1985.An artist's concept of Arabsat 5A. Credit: AstriumThe Arabsat group, based in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, operates a cluster of orbiting satellites to reach millions of homes in over 100 countries across the Middle East, Africa, Europe and Asia, relaying hundreds of television channels and radio stations.This latest craft sent aloft Saturday will be parked alongside the aging Arabsat 2A in geostationary orbit at 30.5 degrees East longitude some 22,300 miles above the equator.Built jointly by Astrium and Thales Alenia Space, Arabsat 5A is a Eurostar E3000-style satellite with a 15-year design life and weighing nearly 10,900 pounds at liftoff.It is equipped with with 26 C-band and 24 Ku-band transponders for business services and television signal routing across the Arab world."Arabsat 5A multi-mission satellite will provide additional capacity at 30.5 degrees East for a large range of satellite communications services such as television backhauling and broadcasting, telephony, business communications, Internet trunking and the provision of VSAT and other interactive services, over the whole continent of Africa, Central Asia and Middle East region," Balkheyour said.Sharing the ride to orbit aboard the Ariane 5 rocket Saturday was COMS, a satellite for South Korea to perform three very diverse roles from geostationary orbit at 128.3 degrees East.An artist's concept of COMS. Credit: AstriumIt features an experimental Ka-band communications package, a weather observation system and equipment to study ocean color and the marine ecosystem to aid the fishing industry."One of the main utilizations of this satellite is monitoring of the Earth's environment from geostationary orbit," said Herve Lambert, COMS project manager at Astrium."For meteorology, the imager allows observing of fast, evolving situations such as the Yellow Sands in springtime in Korea and other phenomena such as typhoons."Observation of the ocean color from this orbit also allows the monitoring of very short-term phenomena such as tide effects, which has never been done from any other similar satellite."Astrium built the spacecraft for the Korea Aerospace Research Institute. The 5,400-pound bird, based on the Eurostar E3000 model, has a 10-year mission.The craft will improve life on Earth, said Young Shik Kim, South Korea's assistant minister for education, science and technology."I am sure our successful launch tonight will help promote the development of space science as we go forward," he added.Credit: ArianespaceSaturday's launch represented the 195th flight for the Ariane rocket family, the 51st for the Ariane 5 vehicle and the second of six-or-seven expected this year.Next up is the planned August 3 launch carrying the African Rascom-QAF 1R and Nilesat 201 telecommunications satellites. That will be followed by Flight 197 in early September with Eutelsat's W3B and the Japanese BSAT 3b spacecraft."Since the creation of our company 30 years ago, we have successfully launched 281 satellites," Le Gall said. "And this will continue, as our order book today has 34 satellites for launch to geostationary orbit, along with six Ariane 5 missions with the Automated Transfer Vehicle, and 17 launches to be performed by Soyuz."And since the beginning of 2010, we already have signed nine new contracts - the latest of which is with the Argentinean operator Arsat, which I am announcing tonight as a new contract."John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA's Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia's historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard's historic Mercury mission with this collectors' item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Ariane 5 launches Britishand Brazilian satellites BY STEPHEN CLARKSPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: November 14, 2007The Ariane 5 rocket launched on another flawless mission Wednesday evening with a British space-based military communications relay station and a multi-purpose communications satellite for Brazil.The workhorse rocket leapt away from its launch pad in Kourou, FrenchGuiana, at 2206 GMT (5:06 p.m. EST). The Ariane 5, making itsfifth flight of the year, set off on an easterly course from the launchsite moments after liftoff.The rocket's twin solid rocket boosters, first stage and cryogenic upperstage all performed well during the launch. The second stage released thetwo satellite payloads about a half-hour into the flight.The Ariane 5 hit its marks during the voyage to space, arriving in anelliptical geostationary transfer orbit with a low point of 155 miles, ahigh point of 22,340 miles, and an inclination of six degrees. All of theorbital parameters were within pre-flight targets.The British military's Skynet 5B communications satellite was deployedfirst, followed about six minutes later by the separation of Star One C1,a Brazilian broadcasting spacecraft.Arianespace hailed the launch as a complete success, marking the Ariane 5rocket's 21st consecutive successful flight dating back to 2002.The mission set a new lift record to geostationary transfer orbit with atotal mass of more than 21,000 pounds, including both paying passengersand a dual-payload adapter. The number surpassed a mark set by anotherAriane 5 launch in May."Since the beginning of 2007, 12 large commercial communications have beenlaunched [worldwide], and we launched 10 of them - 83 percent of thetotal, which is also a record," said Jean-Yves Le Gall, chairman and CEOof Arianespace.Skynet 5B joins a fleet of spacecraft that relay communications betweencommanders and troops for Britain's Ministry of Defense.The 10,218-pound satellite will circularize its orbit at an altitude of22,300 miles during the next few weeks. Skynet 5B's permanent home ingeostationary orbit will be along the Equator above the northern IndianOcean.After a testing campaign, control of the satellite will be handed over toParadigm Secure Communications, the operator of the Skynet 5 system forthe United Kingdom.Paradigm is wholly owned by EADS Astrium, which is the prime contractorfor the construction of both the Skynet 5 satellites and the Ariane 5rocket."It's yet another significant success for Astrium," said Patrick Wood,Skynet program director at EADS Astrium. "In fact, you could say anothertriple success for Astrium."The satellite's X-band payload will be able to reach users across Europe,Africa, the Middle East, and much of Asia. The craft is equipped withsuper-high-frequency and ultra-high-frequency antennas to provide securevoice, video and digital communications between military commanders andtroops stationed around the world.The antennas are hardened against nuclear attacks and feature anti-jammingcapabilities, according to Paradigm."Skynet 5 breaks the mold," said Malcolm Peto, Paradigm's managingdirector. "It's the one-stop shop for the U.K. military for all theirsatellite beyond line-of-sight needs."Skynet 5B is expected to remain in service for up to 15 years. The craftjoins another satellite launched earlier this year, and a third Skynet 5satellite is scheduled for launch on another Ariane 5 mission in mid-2008.The Skynet system is part of a European satellite communications coalitionformed by the United Kingdom, France and Italy. The countries won acontract in 2004 to deliver secure communications services from theirsatellite fleets to NATO member nations.Paradigm has other agreements with the governments of the Netherlands,Canada, Portugal, Australia, and Belgium.The Ariane 5 booster also hoisted the Brazilian Star One C1 communicationssatellite during Wednesday's launch.With a liftoff weight of 9,039 pounds, the spacecraft will delivertelecommunications and broadband Internet services across Latin Americaand the southern United States. Star One C1 will be stationed ingeostationary orbit at 65 degrees West longitude.The satellite is beginning a 15-year mission for Star One, a subsidiary ofBrazilian operator Embratel. Star One is also partly owned by GeneralElectric International.Star One C1 is the first member of the company's third generation ofsatellites."With this new satellite, Star One will be able to confirm its leadershipas the largest regional satellite operator in Latin America," said LincolnOliveira, Star One's chief technical officer.Television signals from Embratel satellites reach about 16 million homesthroughout Brazil, according to the company.Star One C1 will replace Brasilsat B2, an aging 12-year-old satellite nearthe end of its operational life span. The replacement satellite is twiceas powerful as its older counterpart, according to Embratel."The new generation of satellites has more power, more coverage, and willenable the expansion of services to other companies and to the people aswell," said Gustavo Silbert, president of Star One.Built by Thales Alenia Space, Star One C1 carries 28 C-band and 16 Ku-bandtransponders for voice, data and direct-to-home broadcasting services. Alone X-band transponder on the satellite will be restricted to militaryuse.The launch of another Star One satellite is slated for February to furtheraugment the company's fleet, according to Embratel.Two more missions are on the books for Arianespace to round out the year.A Soyuz rocket launched from Kazakhstan will carry Canada's Radarsat 2spacecraft into orbit on Dec. 14, followed a few days later by anotherAriane 5 mission with the Rascom 1 and Horizons 2 satellites. John Glenn Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The historic first orbital flight by an American is marked by this commemorative patch for John Glenn and Friendship 7.Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is available in our store. Get this piece of history!Celebrate the shuttle programFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This special commemorative patch marks the retirement of NASA's Space Shuttle Program. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia's historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard's historic Mercury mission with this collectors' item, the official commemorative embroidered patch.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Ariane 5 launches for record 6th time this year BY STEPHEN CLARKSPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: December 21, 2007Flying for the sixth and final time this year, an Ariane 5 rocket pierced a mostly cloudy evening sky with a picture-perfect launch to deploy two communications satellites serving populations in Africa and North America. Credit: ESA/CNES/ArianespaceThe European rocket's Vulcain main engine, burning more than 500 pounds ofsuper-cold liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen per second, ignited momentsbefore 2142 GMT (4:42 p.m. EST) Friday. Seven seconds later, the Ariane5's twin solid rocket boosters fired to propel the 151-foot-tall rocketskyward from its French Guiana launch pad.Friday's countdown was halted twice in its final minutes by launch zoneand safety violations, resulting in a 28-minute delay from the flight'sappointed launch time.The rocket flew east from the South American spaceport, shedding its spentsolid-fueled boosters and nose cone in the first few minutes of flight.Video cameras in Kourou captured spectacular images of the Ariane 5'sfiery contrail after it was illuminated by sunlight about 90 seconds afterliftoff.Cutoff of the Vulcain engine occurred on schedule just shy of theten-minute point in the mission, followed moments later by stageseparation and ignition of the storable propellant upper stage.After firing for nearly 17 minutes, the upper stage's Aestus engine shutdown to prepare for the dual-payload deployment sequence. The AfricanRascom-QAF 1 spacecraft was released first, followed four minutes later bythe separation of the Horizons 2 satellite.The Ariane 5 was right on the mark, and Arianespace officials declared thelaunch a success."We're happy to share this new success with you," said Jean-Yves Le Gall,Arianespace chairman and CEO. "Thank you for your choice and thank you foryour trust, which we have again renewed."Launch contracts for both payloads were signed earlier this year. Horizons2 officials switched their satellite to Arianespace from Land Launch'sZenit rocket after a similar Sea Launch booster exploded on the launch padin January.Rascom-QAF 1 will thrust itself into a circular geostationary orbit duringthe next few weeks. Its permanent home in space will be along the equatorat 2.85 degrees east longitude, where its high-tech array ofcommunications instruments can reach users across Africa.After several weeks of testing, the satellite should be declaredoperational by early February, according to Pascale Sourisse, presidentand CEO of Thales Alenia Space, the spacecraft's prime contractor.The nearly 7,000-pound craft will be operated by RascomStar-QAF, the firstPan-African satellite company, founded by a consortium of African andEuropean investors. The company aims to expand telephone, Internet anddirect-to-home television broadcasting services to both urban and ruralAfricans at affordable costs."Rascom-QAF 1 will contribute to bridging the digital divide within Africaand between Africa and the world," said Faraj Elamari, CEO ofRascomStar-QAF.One of the primary shareholders is the African Regional Organization forSatellite Communications, or RASCOM. The organization includes 46telecommunications operators across Africa. Other partners include Libya'sleading telecommunications provider, a Libya-based African investmentfund, and Thales Alenia Space.The Rascom-QAF 1 is the first step in setting up the space infrastructureto support the company's mission to link poor rural and urban Africanswith other parts of the world. The company also owns network stations onthe ground to distribute the communications services across the continent."We aim to connect over 150,000 isolated villages and towns to our networkvia low-cost telecommunications," Elamari said.Officials expect the satellite to last for at least 15 years, and itscommunications payload includes 12 Ku-band and eight C-band transponders.Horizons 2 will broadcast high-definition television and broadbandInternet services to customers across the continental United States,southern Canada and the Caribbean.The satellite will be operated by Horizons 2 Satellite LLC, a jointcompany founded by Intelsat and JSAT Corp., a leading Japanese satelliteoperator. The 5,079-pound craft was manufactured by Orbital Sciences Corp."A brave and very strong partnership between the two companies led to thesuccessful launch we have just witnessed," said Kiyoshi Isozaki, presidentand CEO of JSAT.Horizons 2 will begin a planned 15-year operational mission early nextyear after the craft parks itself in the geostationary satellite beltabove the equator at 74 degrees west longitude. The new spacecraft willreplace the 17-year-old SBS 6 satellite, already seven years beyond itsoriginal life expectancy.With its suite of 20 Ku-band transponders, Horizons 2 will focus on video,telephony and data services for corporate and government customers. Thesatellite will augment current services for U.S. customers by increasingdata quality and bandwidth."JSAT and Intelsat's goal is to provide customers with the best combinedsatellite distribution solutions available to satisfy the growing demandfor media and network content distribution services in the competitiveNorth American region," Isozaki said.Approximately 40 percent of the craft's payload capacity is already leasedor sold, and the remaining transponders are expected to be claimed withinone year, said Denis Boulanger, Horizons 2 mission manager at Intelsat.Friday's launch was the final mission for Arianespace this year. TheEuropean space launch firm managed nine successful launches in 2007 - sixAriane 5 missions and three Soyuz flights launched from Kazakhstan for itsStarsem subsidiary."Launching six times this year was a challenge, and as you can see on myface, we have won," Le Gall said.The nine missions orbited 21 satellites for government and commercialcustomers on six continents.Arianespace will begin 2008 with the critical launch of the first Europeancargo vessel to the international space station. That launch is officiallyscheduled for no earlier than the end of January, but preparations areprogressing toward a target launch date of Feb. 14.The timetable depends on the Automated Transfer Vehicle's processing andthe space shuttle launch schedule early next year, which remains in fluxas engineers work to overcome a faulty fuel sensor system.Arianespace expects to launch at least seven Ariane 5 rockets next year asthe company builds to a stable launch rate of eight Ariane missions peryear by 2009, Le Gall said. Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Ares 1-X PatchThe official embroidered patch for the Ares 1-X rocket test flight, is available for purchase.Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.Project OrionThe Orion crew exploration vehicle is NASA's first new human spacecraft developed since the space shuttle a quarter-century earlier. The capsule is one of the key elements of returning astronauts to the Moon.Fallen Heroes Patch CollectionThe official patches from Apollo 1, the shuttle Challenger and Columbia crews are available in the store. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Ariane 5 launches on dual-payload commercial mission SPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: March 22, 2014 Kicking off a busy sequence of launches from the Europe's spaceport in the jungle of French Guiana, an Ariane 5 rocket lifted off Saturday and put two satellites in perfect orbits to expand direct-to-home television programming in Eastern Europe and broadcast football matches at this summer's World Cup in Brazil. The Ariane 5 rocket reaches the ELA-3 launch pad Wednesday. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace - Optique Video du CSG - S. MartinThe heavy-lift launcher, weighing 1.7 million pounds with full fuel tanks, fired its hydrogen-fed main engine and solid rocket boosters at 2204 GMT (6:04 p.m. EDT) to climb away from the ELA-3 launch pad at the Guiana Space Center near Kourou, French Guiana.Officials from Arianespace, the French launch services company, declared the mission a success following the rocket's deployment of the ASTRA 5B and Amazonas 4A communications satellites about a half-hour after liftoff."Today's successful launch, the 59th in a row for Ariane 5, confirms the unrivaled reliability and availability of the European launcher," said Stephane Israel, chairman and CEO of Arianespace. "We take particular pride in being able to offer this service excellence to two leading European operators, SES and Hispasat, both long-standing customers of Arianespace, as well as the European Commission, which has an EGNOS satellite navigation payload integrated on the ASTRA 5B satellite. "The Ariane 5 rocket's upper stage engine was programmed to deliver the satellites into geostationary transfer orbit with a high point of 22,205 miles, a low point of 155 miles and an inclination of 3 degrees.The launcher appeared to hit its target, with its trajectory closely mirroring preflight predictions.Both satellites deployed from the Ariane 5 rocket on time, and SES and Hispasat officials lauded the successful launch in remarks delivered to VIPs in the Guiana Space Center's Jupiter control room.ASTRA 5B and Amazonas 4A are designed for 15-year missions. Artist's concept of the ASTRA 5B satellite. Credit: Airbus Defence and Space"For the [ASTRA 5B team], the operational phase is just beginning," said Martin Halliwell, chief technical officer of SES of Luxembourg, operator of the world's second-largest traditional commercial communications satellite fleet. "This is the end of the beginning. It has a long life, and they have an awful lot of work to do in the next weeks and months to bring this satellite into service."ASTRA 5B's on-board engine will circularize its orbit at an altitude of 22,300 miles over the equator, where it will appear stationary over a fixed position at 31.5 degrees east longitude.The fresh spacecraft is set to replace ASTRA 1G at the 31.5 degrees east location.ASTRA 5B hosts 40 Ku-band transponders and six Ka-band transponders to expand direct-to-home television services over Eastern Europe, Russia and neighboring markets."Its primary mission is the development of [direct-to-home] in Eastern Europe and in Russia," Halliwell said before the launch. "It's basically there to allow new entrants into the DTH world the opportunity to develop their platforms and start developing their business."The spacecraft, based on the Airbus Defence and Space Eurostar E3000 satellite bus, is flying with a hosted L-band navigation payload for the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service, which augments GPS navigation signals over Europe for specialty users such as the aviation and surveying industries."EGNOS will be able to continue to provide valuable positioning services to users all over Europe, be it in the field of aviation, transport or agriculture," said Christoph Kautz, deputy head of the European Commission's enterprise and industry unit. Artist's concept of the Amazonas 4A satellite. Credit: Orbital Sciences Corp.Amazonas 4A, manufactured by Orbital Sciences Corp., will boost itself to a circular geostationary orbit over the next eight days. The spacecraft's planned operating position is at 61 degrees west longitude, giving the satellite's 24 Ku-band transponders coverage over South America.Engineers plan to have Amazonas 4A in service by the June start of the 2014 World Cup in Brazil. The satellite will reinforce communications infrastructure to broadcast World Cup football matches and the 2016 Summer Olympics also to be held in Brazil."With Amazonas 4A, we are going to respond to a double challenge," said Elena Pisonero, president of Madrid-based Hispasat. "First of all, [we are] trying to provide, in record time, additional capacity when it's required, and it's required for football, of course. We are going to do it with very innovative and high-quality services. We are going to be at the forefront of the revolution in the ultra high-definition."Amazonas 4A is the fourth Hispasat satellite focusing on Latin America.Launch activity in French Guiana will continue at a near-record pace over the next month, with the liftoff of a Russian Soyuz rocket scheduled for April 3 with Sentinel 1A, the first satellite for the European Union's flagship Copernicus Earth observation and environmental monitoring system. The Sentinel 1A satellite is in French Guiana undergoing launch preparations. Credit: ESA/CNES/Arianespace - Optique Video du CSG - P. BaudonEurope's lightweight Vega launcher is set to make its third flight as soon as April 25 with DZZ-HR, a high-resolution Earth imaging satellite for the government of Kazakhstan.The Ariane 5, Soyuz and Vega launchers use different launch pads but share some satellite processing facilities, making the task of juggling the manifest a balancing act.Arianespace plans 12 launches this year from the Guiana Space Center, which is known by its French acronym CSG."We are now in a very busy period of time at Europe's spaceport," Israel said. "As a matter of fact, after tonight's mission's completion, there are still no less than four launch campaigns being conducted in parallel at CSG involving our entire launcher family: two on Ariane 5, one on Soyuz and one on Vega. I checked on these future missions this morning at CSG, and they are all on track."The next Ariane 5 launch is on track for late May with the Measat 3b and Optus 10 communications satellites for Malaysian and Australian operators.Follow Stephen Clark on Twitter: .STS-134 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Endeavour is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-134. Available in our store!Final Shuttle Mission PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The crew emblem for the final space shuttle mission is now available in our store. Get this piece of history!Apollo CollageThis beautiful one piece set features the Apollo program emblem surrounded by the individual mission logos.STS-133 PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!The final planned flight of space shuttle Discovery is symbolized in the official embroidered crew patch for STS-133. Available in our store!Anniversary Shuttle PatchFree shipping to U.S. addresses!This embroidered patch commemorates the 30th anniversary of the Space Shuttle Program. The design features the space shuttle Columbia's historic maiden flight of April 12, 1981.Mercury anniversaryFree shipping to U.S. addresses!Celebrate the 50th anniversary of Alan Shephard's historic Mercury mission with this collectors' item, the official commemorative embroidered patch. | | | | 2014 Spaceflight Now Inc.Ariane 5 lifts off with ASTRA 5B and Amazonas 4ASPACEFLIGHT NOWPosted: March 23, 2014 Kicking off a busy sequence of launches from the Europe's spaceport in the jungle of French Guiana, an Ariane 5 rocket lifted off Saturday and put two satellites in perfect orbits to expand direct-to-home television programming in Eastern Europe and broadcast football matches at this summer's World Cup in Brazil.The heavy-lift launcher, weighing 1.7 million pounds with full fuel tanks, fired its hydrogen-fed main engine and solid rocket boosters at 2204 GMT (6:04 p.m. EDT) to climb away from the ELA-3 launch pad at the Guiana Space Center near Kourou, French Guiana.Officials from Arianespace, the French launch services company, declared the mission a success following the rocket's deployment of the ASTRA 5B and Amazonas 4A communications satellites about a half-hour after liftoff.See our for the latest news on the launch.Video credit: Arianespace
2014-11-12 00:32:07

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